Just received a note regarding Andy’s Y-DNA results. As I receive information and data of DNA, I am sometimes at a loss at grasping what all the numbers mean. It sometimes is well and good when I receive the information in layman’s English... something that I can understand.
The Brunhammer Y-DNA testing has been completed with Family Tree DNA for the 111 markers. The DNA Y-Chromosome Segment (DYS): is a naming system which assigns DYS numbers to newly discovered markers. They are the "names" of each marker.
According to Family Tree DNA the Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) haplogroups are the major branches on the human paternal family tree. Each haplogroup has many subbranches. These are subclades. Haplogroups and their subclades (branches) mark human migrations. Learning about haplogroups can tell one about their ancestors’ history and travels. The Brunhammer Haplogroup is 12a2*.
This group is closely related to the much larger Dinaric group. The easiest way to distinguish the groups is with the last marker of FTDNA's 67: Dinaric has the very distinctive DYS565=9, while Disles has DYS565=11 like the rest of I2a. We say that Dinaric is "young" because all Dinarics have 67 marker values similar to each other. Disles have 67 marker values that show a wider range of variation. What we call Disles might be two or more groups: one very closely related to Dinaric, others more distant.
And of course, I went searching for some meaning, and from Wikipedia I discovered the following regarding the term “Dinaric”.
...According to the Dinaric model, Dinarics were to be found in the mountainous areas of the western Balkans: Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania,Slovenia, Austria, part of northwestern Bulgaria, and northwestern Republic of Macedonia). Northern and Eastern Italy was considered mostly a Dinaric area as well as western Greece, Romania, western Ukraine, southeastern German-speaking areas, and parts of southern Poland and southeastern France...
...The vertical height of the cranium is high. Eyes are set relatively close and the surrounding tissue defines them as wide open. The iris is most often brown, with a significant percentage of light pigmentation in the Dinaric population. The nose is large, narrow and convex. The face is long and orthognathic, with a prominent chin, and also wide. The form of the forehead is variable, but not rarely it is bulbous. The haircolor is usually dark brown, with black-haired and blond individuals in minority, blondness being the characteristic of the more Central European, morphologically similar Noric race (a race intermediate between Nordic and Dinaric races). The skin is lacking the rosy color characteristic for Northern Europe as well as the relatively brunet pigmentation characteristic for the southernmost Europe and on a geographical plane it is of medium pigmentation and often it is variable...
Definitely an interesting discussion... and all this from one little 9 marker on the Brunhammer DNA code.
The above inserted map is J. Deniker's 1899 Races of Europe map.
And I continue to search... and research.