My Tangent - Arlene Is Keeping Me Cooler - For The Short Spell

29 June 2011

Morning from the humid and hot, almost depths of Central Florida.

The sky is overcast and the humidity is still 82%. We're still without the AC and searching for the 18% that has to be certainly less damp and sticky.

Presently we are under the far-reaching "overcast-ness" of Tropical Storm Arlene. She's keeping the Heat Index hovering at about 80°F (27°C)... and this is Day Number 4 without the life-cooling, ever pleasant air conditioning.

As the time drags on, I find myself slowing down, more and more. It is becoming a chore to deal with this lack of cool house environment. The clamminess and constant sweating takes one hell of a toll on one's psyche. I have been forcing myself to think about my research of my genealogy, at least to keep my mind somewhat pre-occupied.

And then I think that our own personal disaster is nothing compared to what has most recently happened in other parts of the world... But I can honestly say that I would not know how to react should a disaster such as an earthquake, a tsunami, a fire, a flood, or such other major force of nature hit me.

Yesterday we discovered another after effect of the lightning strike at Interlake Drive was that the computer boards on the refrigerator were also fried. They got zapped. So taking toll, at this point of the week, damages include the cooling fan and a mother board in the air conditioning unit; two coils and two component boards of the refrigerator; two of the pool lighting systems control boards fried; four lights of the landscape lighting gizmo; a control board in the garage door operating contraption; and the satellite nuclear alarm clock is now on the fritz. And believe it or not this house is protected.

My thoughts of my research and search for the origins of ggg-grandfather James Smith as well as our quilting efforts, currently on Colored Windows II have certainly slowed down to a snail's pace.

Last evening, in the darkness of the night, with the drone of ceiling and floor fans I spent a couple of hours playing my piano. Praise be that the ZapCap surge protector worked on my Baby Grand.

And looking at the bright side, that is in this overcast weather of gloom and doom, I have composed and written this My Tangent completely with Ubuntu. I have broken the shackles of Windows.

Enjoy,

Jim
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Part 539b – Brunhammer Doherty Genealogy – Comparing 23andMe Autosomal DNA Results

28 June 2011

Evening, and still no AC,

Well an examination of 23andMe results is the discussion. We decided to use two Brunhammer candidates to see if we could understand exactly what 23andMe is trying to do. The candidates are brother and sister of the Brunhammer clan, and as we know, both have the same parents, Eugene John and Myrtle Frances Gertrude (née Doherty) Brunhammer.

The first results are included with the Ancestry Painting. The Ancestry Painting “feature takes a look at the more recent heritage of your chromosomes, segment by segment. It identified the pre-colonial home continent – Africa, Asia or Europe… of DNA along the 22 chromosomes that are inherited from both parents.

This does not include the sex chromosomes. These are the autosomes. AB’s autosome inheritance is identified as >99% Europe and <1% Africa. KBF’s are identified as 100% Europe. Somewhere in time a minute indication on a segment of AB’s chromosome #4, there is an ancestor who may have passed on the information that he or she may have originated somewhere in Africa. This is that <1% indicator.

The next 23andMe tool is the Compare Genes function. Accordingly 23andMe will take the Genome-Wide Comparison of 928693 SNPs (Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms) and compare them between clients to determine the percent similarity. AB’s and KBF’s similarity is observed at 86.22%.

As you can see in the top diagram, comparing the top 1 to the bottom 2 there is one SNP that is different. Of the over 928693 SNPs of ABs and KBFs that were compared approximately 800719 SNPs are similar. This is a very high correlation. This is a comparison of all 22 pairs of autosomal chromosomes excepting the sex chromosomes. This definitely proves that there is a chance that AB and KBF are siblings. And of course we know that AB and KBF are siblings…same parents, same house, same city, same state. The question is what would be the similarity percentage between the other brothers and sisters?

The next 23andMe offered tool is Relative Finder. The results between AB and KBF are: 1. Predicted Relationship – Sibling; 2. % DNA shared – 46.14%; and 3. # Shared Segments – 46. And exactly what do these mean?

Well, number 1, the Predicted Relationship – Sibling, I am glad to say is correct. This certainly puts to rest the old tales that AB was told by his older siblings that he was “adopted from the lower part of Jersey” and that he was “really was from China”. At least 232ndMe got the Sibling Relationship right. The next closest 23andMe Predicted Relationship to AB in the possible 868 Results from the database is a gentleman who may be a 4th Cousin.

The next sets of results are the % DNA Shared – 46.14%. And this means? 23andMe defines this as “The percentage of identical DNA shared between you and a potential relative.” The 23andMe table summarizes the average % of DNA Shared for different types of cousins.

Based on date provided by on RootsWeb and the Degrees of Relation and Number of Genes Shared. Parents, siblings, children, and fraternal twins may share about 50% of their DNA with each other. Bingo on AB and KBF at 46.14%.

Number 3 states that the number of DNA Segments shared between AB and KBF is 46. Here is a visual plot as presented by 23andMe.


Well a cM or CentiMorgan, according to 23andME, is a measure of how easily a particular segment recombines. And this means? Well that’s the next discussion.

Enjoy,

Jim
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My Tangent - Extra Protection - A False Sense of Security - Hah!

I would say good morning, but...

It is now Day Number 4 without air-conditioning in the drones of Tampa. Current temperature at 8:23 am is 74°F or for you in the reaches of the Arctic Circle, that is 23.33°C. Wouldn’t be so bad if the humidity was not hovering at 80%. And exactly what does 80% humidity mean?

Well I know that I would be soaked at 100% humidity. So I was wondering what part of me, what 20% of me doesn’t feel sticky and clammy? The definition I just found for humidity is “the state or quality of being humid”. It can also mean the “dampness, especially of the air.” Well, hell… translated I would suppose it would mean here in Tampa, how fast the clothes you have on get soaked. And without air-conditioning that means that the humidity factor just quadruples.

So let’s see, what exactly did the lightning strike take out on our house? And you must remember that this house has the best of all supposed protection. The house has ZapCap surge protection. We pay for that. There are strip surge protectors throughout the house. We pay for those. There is homeowners insurance… and we definitely pay for that. And we are prepared… but not for this.

The strike destroyed the cooling fan and a control board in the air conditioning system. It zapped the pool lighting boards on both the in pool and the optical light systems. It half-fried the garage door opener which now does not want to stay closed. The lightning strike blew out at least four major lights in the front garden and part of the back garden lightning systems. And at this point I am not sure if that is all that has been affected, especially since Google Chrome browser seems to be taking its own sweet time to churn a functional search.

And our house is protected!!! It is hot! It is damp! It is clammy! And I am not a naturist! And just think about all the paper work and phone calls that I have had to and will have to complete. There is no such thing as having the proper protection… and this is a repeated occurrence since 2007.

Enjoy,

Jim
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Part 538s – Smith Robertson Genealogy – 1796 William Smith – Last Will and Testament – The Logie Connection!

27 June 2011

Good Hot Evening,

In the heat of the day, with the lack of the precious commodity of air-conditioning, I have been able to stumble upon a prize Document. This Indenture is the Last Will and Testament of William Smith.

Is this William Smith a connection to my ggg-grandfather James Smith? That I cannot answer… but there are a number of answers that are revealed from the script of this 1796 Last Will and Testament.

In the body of the Will is the reference “As for all the rest and Residue of my Estate and Effects of whatsoever nature or kind I give and bequeath the same to my dear Brother James Smith living at Logie in Scotland…” James Smith! Brother! Living at Logie in Scotland! This is a connection that I have been searching for, the detail that will connect Smiths of Logie, Scotland to Grenada.

I introduced in Part 178s a James Smith, a Weaver from Logie in Scotland who in 1803 is searching for information regarding his brother William Smith’s estate. Accordingly it is written that the brother William Smith was a Merchant in Grenada.

This looks to be the Last Will and Testament of the “lost” brother, William. As the LWT was written on 1 December 1796 and sworn to on 3 December 1796, it would appear that William Smith passed away sometime between the 1st and the 3rd. The Saint George Parish Death Registration, in Part 440s1491 Mr. William Smith, Merchant; was buried on the 2nd day of Decbr. 1796” is the next confirmation.

Examining William Smith’s 1796 Last Will and Testament there does not appear to be any mention of any direct family inheritance, that is, the only immediate relative that is mentioned in the text of the Will is his brother James Smith of Logie. There are notices of bequests to others but I cannot conclude that there are any gifts given to any direct relative save that to his brother.

In the 7 June 1803 entry of the Power of Attorney by James Smith, the Weaver of Logie, it is indicated that “Whereas William Smith of the Island of Grenada Merchant died lately without iʃsue and whereas James Smith late of St. Georges in the same Island according to the best of my Information died sometime before the said William Smith…”. (See Part 178s.) This means, of course, that I need to now search and find any documentation that may lead me to William Smith’s nephew James, son of James Smith the Weaver of Logie.

William Smith’s Last Will and Testament was found in the 1796 Grenada Registers of Records, Volume F, pages 329 – 331. The same copy is downloaded from the microfilm FHL [1563320]. Here are the images –


My transcription –
329
Entered 6th December 1796.
Grenada
In the Name of God Amen I William Smith of the Town of
Saint George in the said Island Merchant do make this my last Will and Testament
in manner and form following (to wit) First I desire that all my just Debts to be fully
paid and satisfied Item I give and bequeath unto Felicité Boisfermé free Mulatre∫s
my House keeper the five Negroes hereinafter named Viz, Sam, Romeo, Jack, John, Tweed

and

330

and Sally and also the Sum of Sixty Joes in Cash as a Reward for her constant
Care and Attention towards me. Item I give and bequeath the Sum of twenty
Joes in Cash to Betsy Bridgwater Housekeeper to Mr. George Campbell of this
Town. Item I desire my Executors hereinafter named to make free and manumit
as soon as po∫sible my Negro Slave Dick and for the Expence to be paid out of my
Estate. As for all the rest and Residue of my Estate and Effects of whatsoever
nature or kind I give and bequeath the same to my dear Brother James Smith
living at Logie in Scotland And for the Execution of this my Will I request my
Friends
William Stiel William Shaw George Campbell and George Henry Horsley
to take upon themselves that trouble and I hereby appoint the said William
Stiell William Shaw George Campbell and George Henry Horsley Executors of this
my last Will In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this first
day of December On thousand ∫even hundred and ninety Six.

Wm. Smith (LS)
Signed ∫ealed published and declared }
by the said Testator William Smith as }
and for his last Will in the presence of us }
Alex Cockburn __ R Mitchelson __ Edward Nichols
Grenada
Before His Honor Alexander Houston Esquire Lieutenant
Governor and Commander in Chief in and over the Island of
Grenada and it’s Dependencies Chancellor Ordinary and Vice
Admiral of the same.

Personally appeared Edward Nicholls of the Town of Saint George Mariner one of
the subscribing Witne∫ses to the within Paper Writing purporting to be the Will of William
Smith late of the said Town Merchant deceased, who being duly sworn on the holy Evan
gelists of Almighty God maketh Oath and ∫aith that he was present with Alexander
Cockburn and Robert Mitchelson the other subscribing Witne∫ses thereto and did see
the said William Smith the Testator sign and ∫eal the same and also heard him publish
and declare the same as and for his last Will and Testament. And the Deponent
further Saith that in Testimony of such Execution as aforesaid the said Alexander
Cockburn Robert Mitchelson and the Deponent did in the presence of the said Testator
at his request and in the presence of each other severally subscribe their Names as
Witne∫ses to the said Will. And the Deponent lastly saith that at the time the said
Testator

331

Testator so executed his said Will as aforesaid he was to the best of this Deponents
Judgment and belief of sound and disposing Mind Memory and Understanding
Edward Nichols
Sworn to before me }
this third day of }
December 1796 }

Alexander Houstoun

And as a part of the Item gifted in the will are "Joes". I had to find out what a "Joe" is/was? It appears that it is a slang term for a Johannes, a Portuguese coin. At about the time some of the currencies used in Grenada and the Windward Islands included a Spanish doubloon which passed for $16 and a half joannes or joes for $8. (From The Shipmaster's Assistant and Commercial Digest by Joseph Blunt, 1851, New York.) That resolves that issue.

And now to search for the son and nephew James Smith. Could this be a connection to ggg-grandfather James?

Enjoy,

Jim
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Part 537rs - Smith Robertson Genealogy – Updated DNA Haplogroup Ascendancy Chart

26 June 2011

Good Morning,

And a very wet good morning… without air-conditioning good morning to all. The positive thing is that it is overcast and should remain this way all day, and so I cannot complain… much.


With the release of the new Deep Clade results of our Robertson Y-DNA, I have updated the Smith YDNA and mtDNA Ascendancy Chart.

Please note that the close results between the Smith and the Robertson YDNA Haplogroup classifications. Interesting, if I say so myself.

If you have questions and ideas please feel free to contact me.

Enjoy,

Jim
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Part 536r – Smith Robertson Genealogy – Robertson Deep Clade Tests Results Returned – R1b1a2a1a1a*

25 June 2011

Good Afternoon,

The next set of the Robertson Y-DNA Deep Clade Tests results have been returned. Following up with Part 482r our Robertson Y-DNA, (thank you GR), Haplogroup was predicted at R1b1a2. At that point the Robertson shorthand classification was M-269 marker.

As of today a portion of the Deep Clade Testing has been completed testing for the U-106 marker which has tested and confirmed positive. What this means is that the eight subclades or branches above the U-106 are presumed positive. Those eight branches are: L23; L150; L51; L11; L151; L52; P310; and P311. The P312 test is confirmed negative. This means that the new confirmed Robertson Haplogroup is R1b1a2a1a1a*.

I have included an attempted cut and pasted image of the Family Tree DNA Y-Haplogroup for our Robertson Line.



Now we have to wait for some more Deep Clade Test results, actually 8 of 9 more. One, L48 has returned as negative, which means that, based on the results our Robertson Haplogroup Subclade is not included in the R1b1a2a1a1a4* series. The other eight will determine, whether they are positive or negative which will indicate what a deeper Robertson branch may be.

Here is the Color Key as provided by Family Tree DNA.

The following are a couple of terms with Family Tree DNA definitions that may help.

Deep Clade – A Y-DNA Deepclade test is a test for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that determine a male's place (branch) on the ancestral tree for all mankind. Deepclade testing offers in-depth information about the ancient ancestry and historic migrations of your direct paternal line.

Haplogroup – Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) haplogroups are the major branches on the human paternal family tree. Each haplogroup has many sub-branches.

Subclade – A sub-branch of a haplogroup.

Haplogroups and their subclades (branches) mark human migrations.

Marker – Also SNP or single nucleotide polymorphism. Some Y-DNA sub-branch markers, SNPs, are restricted to a single family that is related in genealogical times (1 to 15 generations).

We now sit and wait for the additional results of the eight remaining Deepclade tests.

Enjoy,

Jim

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Part 535s - Smith Robertson Genealogy - Indenture Research - 1801 James and Robert Smith - Saint Patrick

24 June 2011

Good Morning,

The Transcription Project continues. This current Document is the first Indenture of Grenada Registers of Records from Item 3 of the microfilm [1563378].

There are two Smiths included in the Indenture but I would chance an opinion that neither is, or at least I should say that there is no apparent filial connection indicated to ggg-grandfather James. The two Smiths are: Robert Smith, an Attorney to Marthé Cornette Victoire de St. Cyr Scott; and James Smith of Bassinghall Street, London.

I have discovered that neither of these two Smiths are/were listed in the Index of the Volume of the Registers. Neither of the two of them are either of the two principal parties executing the transaction as prescribed by the Indenture. The only way that I discovered the two Smiths was by reading and/or scanning the Indenture looking for the written name “Smith”.

A critical issue that is key when reviewing and comparing the Indexes to the actual Indentures or collection of documents is that the Index may only provide a single name. There actually may be more than two parties involved in the transaction. In this case this Indenture includes:

For the One Part –
  • William Lusington of the City of London, Merchant
  • Sir Charles Kent of Chandor Street, Cavendish Square, Middlesex County, Baronet
  • Dame Mary, his Wife
  • Ann Verelst of Aston, York County, Widow, ecetera and ecetera… The inset portrait is of Ann (née Wordsworth) Verelst.
  • Ann Wordsworth of Wadworth, Widow, ecetera
  • James Law of the City of London, Merchant
  • Alexander Scott, Son, Heir at Law, of the Island of Grenada
  • Marthé Cornette Victoire De St. Cyr Scott of Wolfenbuttel in the Dutchy in Lower Saxon, Widow
and for the Second or Other Part –
  • Townley Ward of Henrietta Street in the Parish of Saint Paul Covent Garden, Middlesex County
And there are more names included in the text of these three pages; a wealth of finds. Bottom line, you cannot depend upon Indexes provided. You still have go through the documents and the pages, line by line, page by page… and who know what you may find.

Here are the images of Pages 1, 2 and 3.


And my transcription -
1
Examined
Entered 2nd April 1801.
This Indenture made the twenty third day of July in the fortieth Year of
the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the third by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and
Ireland King Defender of the Faith And in the year of our Lord one thousand Eight hundred
Between William Lushington of the City of London Merchant Sir Charles Kent
of Chandor Street Cavendish Square in the County of Middlesex Baronet and Dame Mary
his Wife and Ann Verelst of Aston in the County of York widow (which said Dame
Mary the Wife of the said Sir Charles Kent and Ann Verelst are the Coheire∫ses at Law of
Josias Wordsworth late of the City of London Merchant deceased and are also Coheire∫ses
at Law of Ann Algehr Sister of the said Samuel Wordsworth formerly the Wife and afterwards
the Widow of Peter Chris Algehr of Leytonstone in the County of E∫sex Esquire deceased Ann
Wordsworth of Wadworth aforesaid Widow Administratrix with the Will annexed of the Goods
Chattels Rights and Credits of the said Samuel Wordsworth unadministered by the said Josias
Wordsworth who was the only Executor of the Will of the said Samuel Wordsworth James Law
of the City of London Merchant Alexander Scott Son Heir at Law and Devisee named
in the last Will and Testament of Michael Scott late of the Island of Grenada in the West
Indies Esquire deceased Marthe Cornette Victorie De St. Cyr Scott of
Wolfenbuttel in the Dutchy of Brunswick in Lower Saxony Widow of the said Michael Scott
of the One Part and Townley Ward of Henrietta Street in the Parish of Saint Paul Covent
Garden in the said County of Middlesex Gentleman of the other Part Witne∫seth that the
said William Lushington Sir Charles Kent and Dame Mary his Wife and Ann Verelst Ann
Wordsworth Alexander Scott Marthe Cornette Victoire de St. Cyr Scott and James Law for and
in consideration of the sum of five shillings of lawful money of Great Britain to them in hand
well and truly paid by the said Townley Ward at or before the sealing and delivery of these
Presents the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged Have and each and every of them Hath
bargained and sold and by these Presents Do and each and every of them Doth bargain and
sell unto the said Townley War his Executors Administrators and A∫signs All that Sugar
Plantation Piece or Parcel of Land commonly called or known by the name of Madey’s situate
lying and being in the Parish of Saint Patrick in the said Island of Grenada containing by
estimation two hundred and forty Acres of Land be the same more or le∫s with all and singular
the Lands added to the Original Purchase thereof and now worked and occupied as part of the
same Plantation butted and bounded by the Great River of Saint Patrick in the rear
by the Lands now or heretofore of the Heir of William Snell Esquire deceased on one side by the lands
now or heretofore Me∫ss Rucker and Harvey and on the other side by the lands of the Plantation
called Lafortune now or late in the Occupation of William Irvin Esquire or howsoever otherwise
the said Plantation of Madey’s may be butted or bounded lying or being And also all that
Tract of Woodland and Provision called Levera lying in the said Parish of Saint Patrick and
containing by estimation one hundred and twenty eight Acres of Land more or le∫s And also
all that other Coffee and Sugar Plantation (formerly St. Lawrents) heretofore purchased by the
said Michael Scott and called or Known by the name of Belvedere situate lying and being in
the said Parish of Saint Patrick containing by estimation two hundred and twenty Acres of Land
were the same more or le∫s butted and bounded towards the North and North East by Lands now
or heretofore Lands of Rucker and Harvey towards the East and South East by Mount Rose

Plantation


2

Plantation now heretofore belonging to the Heirs of Herbert towards the South by Mount
Riche Plantation now or hereto fore belonging to the said Duncan Davidson and towards the West
by Snell Hall Plantation now or heretofore belonging to the Heirs of William Snell deceased or howsoever
otherwise the said Plantation of Belividere may be butted or bounded lying or being together with all
ways paths pa∫sages waters watercourses rights easements profits privileges commodities and heredita-
ments to the same Plantations or any of them belonging or in anywise appertaining or therewith or with
any or either of them commonly used deemed taken or known as part parcel or member thereof together
with all and singular the Me∫suages or Dwelling Houses outhouses Mills boiling houses curing houses
Stillhouses Cisterns Cellars Negroehouses and all the Edifices and erections of what nature or
kind soever on the said Plantations hereby bargained and sold intended so to be erected built standing
or being with all and every Copper Boilers Stills Worms and other fixtures thereon or thereupon
And also all and every Negroe and other Slaves now upon the said Plantations or either
of them And all and every the Horses mules horned cattle other live stock thereon with the future
i∫sue and increase of the females of the said Slaves and live Stock And also all & singular the
Plantation Stores implements utensils furniture and dead stock to the said two several Plantations
hereby bargained and sold or intended so to be or to the building thereon respectively belonging or uses
or kept for the purposes of Cultivation or Manufacture And the reversion and reversions remainder and
remainders yearly and other Rents I∫sues and Profits thereof To have and to hold the said
two several Plantations Pieces or Parcels of Land Me∫suages Buildings Fixtures Negroe and other
Slaves live and dead Stock Plantation Utensils and all and singular the Hereditaments and
Premises hereinbefore mentioned and intended to be hereby bargained and sold and their and every of
their Appurtenances unto the said Townley Ward his Executors Administrators and A∫signs from the day
next before the day of the date of these Presents for and during and unto the full end and term of one whole
year from thence next ensuing and fully to be compleat and ended Yielding and Paying
therefore tunto the said William Lushington Sir Charles Kent and Dame Mary his Wife and Ann Verelst
Ann Wordsworth Alexander Scott Marthe Cornette Victoire de St. Cyr Scott and James Law their Heirs
A∫signs the rent of one Pepper Corn only on the last day of the said Term (if the same shall be lawfully
demanded) To the intent and Purpose that by virtue of these Presents and by force of the
Statute made for transferring Uses into Po∫se∫sion the said Townley Ward may be in the actual Po∫se∫sion
of the said Hereditaments and Premises hereby bargained and sold and be thereby inabled to accept and
take a Grant and Release of the Reversion and Inheritance thereto to him and his Heirs and A∫signs
To the Use of the said James Law and Townley Ward and the heirs and A∫signs of the said Townley
Ward for ever Neverthele∫s as to the Estate and Interest of the said Townley Ard therein In
Trust for the said James Law his heirs and A∫signs for ever In Witne∫s whereof the said Parties
to these Presents have hereunto set their Hands and Seals the day and year first above Written
W (LS) Lushington Ann (LS) Wordsworth Marthe Cornette (LS) Scott by her
Charles (LS) Kent James (LS) Law Victorie de St. Cyr
Mary (LS) Kent Alexr (LS) Scott Attorney Robt Smith
Ann (LS) Verelst
Sealed and delivered by the within named William Lushington in the presence of
William Brown --- Robert Lanning
Sealed and delivered by the with named Sir Charles Kent and Mary his Wife in the Presence of
Jo. Solly Town Clerk of Sandwich
Thos. Cro∫se Clerk to Me∫sr Bleasdale & Alexander London

3

Sealed and delivered by the within name Ann Verelst in the presence of
James Hall --- Joseph Robinson
Sealed and delivered by the within named Ann Wordwsorth (being first duly Stamped) in the presence of
Geo. Broadrick Town Clerk Doncaster --- W. Stephenson his Clerk
Sealed and delivered by the within named James Law in the Presence of
William Brown --- Robert Lanning
Sealed and delivered by the within named Alexander Scott in the Presence of
James Smith Bassinghall Street London --- Robert Lanning
Sealed and delivered by the within named Marthé Marie Cornette de St. Cyr Scott by Robert Smith
her Attorney by virtue of a Power of Attorney bearing date the twenty seventh day of November
One thousand Eight hundred in the presence of

William Brown Robert Lanning

And I continue…

Enjoy,

Jim

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Part 534s – Smith Robertson Genealogy – Indenture Research – 1801 Andrew Smith as Witness

22 June 2011

Afternoon again,

When the lawn-people arrive to take care of the yard, Tinker, the 12-pound Rat has a hey-day. She darts around the house yapping and growling from window, to window, to door, to patio, to back door, to front door… She is actually related to the Tasmanian Devil. Think about it… a 12-pound Rat who thinks she a fierce protector of her domain. We just move out of her way… that is the humans and the other quadrupeds.

And a new Smith arrives on the scene. In the next Indenture of my Transcription Project, the last Smith-related Indenture of Item 2 of the Grenada Registers of Records, microfilm FHL [1563378] was written 26 January 1801, sworn in on 11 April 1801 entered 13 April 1801. There is no instantaneous nor obvious indication that there is any connection between one witness, Andrew Smith to ggg-grandfather James Smith.

As it appears that the contract takes place solely in Grenada, all-things-being-equal one may consider that there may be some knowledge of or interaction between ggg-grandfather James Smith and the signing witness Andrew Smith. Examining the mentioned occupations of the chief parties concerned with this contract; Blacksmith and Drapers, it may be possible that there could be some association with ggg-grandfather James as he was a Carpenter. Just a thought.

Here are the three images as downloaded from Item 2 of the microfilm FHL [1563378].


My transcription -
(591)
Examd
Entered 13th April 1801
This Indenture made the Twenty sixth day of January in the year of Our Lord
One thousand eight hundred and one Between John Thom of the Island of Grenada Black-
smith of the one Part and George Garry and Alexander Reach of the said Island Drapers
and Copartners in Trade of the other Part witne∫eth that the said John Thom for and
in Consideration of the Sum of Two hundred and twenty two Pounds eighteen Shillings
Current money to him in hand paid by the said George Garry and Alexander Reach the
Receipt whereof he doth hereby acknowledge he the said John Thom hath granted bargained
and sold and by these Presents Doth grant bargain unto the said George Garry and
Alexander Reach all those four male Negro Slaves named Frankline Frederic Sandy and
Matilda and the Reversion and Reversions Remainder and Remainders Rents and Service
of the said Slaves To have and To hold the said Slaves above mentioned unto the said
George Garry and Alexander Reach their Executors Administrators and A∫signs for and
during the term of five hundred Years next and immediately insuring and fully to be com
pleat and voided Yielding and paying therefore yearly during the said Term One
Pepper Corm at the end thereof if demanded Provided always and upon Condition
that

(592)

That is the said John Thom his heirs or A∫signs do or shall well and truly pay or cause to be
apid unto the said George Garry and Alexander Reach or either of their executors administrators
or a∫signs the full Sum of Two hundred and Twenty two Pounds eighteen shillings Current money
of the said Island on or before the first day of March 1802 ensuing with lawful Interest for
the same that then and from thenceforth these Presents and every Thing herein contained
shall cease determine and be void any Thing herein contained --- --- --- --- ---
--- --- --- --- --- into the contrary notwithstanding and the said John Thom for him
self his heirs and a∫signs doth covenant and grant to and with the said George Garry and
Alexander Reach or either of their executors administrators and a∫signs that he the said
John Thom his heirs or A∫signs shall and will well and truly pay or cause to be paid
unto the said George Garry and Alexander Reach or either of their executors and administrators
or A∫signs the said full Sum of Two hundred and Twenty Two Pounds eighteen Shillings
on or before the said first day of March in the said Year One Thousand eight hundred
and two without any deduction as aforesaid according to the time Intent and Meaning
of these Presents and also That they the said George Garry and Alexander Reach or either of
their executors administrators and A∫signs shall and may at all Times after Default in
shall be made in Performance of the Proviso or Condition herein contained peaceably and
quietly enter into have hold occupy po∫se∫s and enjoy all and singular the said Slaves
above mentioned for and during the Residue and Remainder of the said term of five hun
dred yeast hereby granted which shall be then to come and unexpired without the
let trouble hindrance molestation Interruption and Denial of him the said John Thom his
heirs and a∫signs and of all and every other Person and Persons whatsoever And further that
he the said John Thom and his heirs and all and every other Person and Persons and his
and their heirs and Thing having or claiming in the said Slaves above mentioned or any part
thereby shall and will at any time or Times after default shall be made in Performance of
the Proviso or Condition herein contained make do and execute or cause or procure to be
done made and executed all and every such further and other lawful and reasonable
Grants Acts and A∫surances in the law whatsoever for the further better and more perfect
granting and a∫suring of all and singular the said Slaves above mentioned unto the said
George Garry and Alexander Reach or either of their executors administrators and a∫signs
for and during all the Rest and Residue of the said Term of five hundred Years above gran
ted which shall be them to come and unexpired as by the said George Garry and Alexander
Reach either of their executors administrators or a∫signs or his or their Counsel learned in
the law shall be reasonably devised or advised and required and lastly it is
covenanted granted concluded and agreed upon by and between the said Parties to these
Presents and the true meaning hereof also is and it is hereby so declared that until
Default

(593)

Default shall be made in Performance of the Proviso and Condition herein contained he
the said John Thom his heirs and A∫signs shall and may hold and enjoy all and singu
lar the said Slaves above mentioned and receive and take the Rents I∫sues and Profits thereof
to his and their own proper use and Benefit any Thing herein contained to the contrary thereof
notwithstanding In witne∫s whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day
and Year first above written.
John (LS) Thom
James McDonald Witne∫s hereto Andw Smith Witne∫s hereto
Received the day and Year first with written of and from the within named George
Garry and alexander Reach the sum of Two hundred and twenty two Pounds eighteen
Shillings Current money being the Consideration within mentioned to be paid by them
to me
John Thom
Witne∫s hereto
James McDonald Andw Smith
Grenada
Before the honorable Thomas Bridgwater Esquire Chief Justice of the
Supreme court of Judicature for the said Island & its dependencies established
Personally appeared Andrew Smith one of the subscribing witne∫es to the within
Instrument of writing who being duly sworn on the holy Evangelists of Almighty God
saith that he was present together with James McDonald and did see John Thom the
Part executing the within Indenture sign seal execute and deliver the same as and
for his free and voluntary act and deed and that in testimony of the due execution thereof the
said James McDonald and this deponent severally and respectively set and subscribed
their names as witne∫sed thereto
Andw Smith
Sworn to before this }
11 April 1801 }
T. Bridgwater

Oh and thank you Ashley, for finding and identifying some of my errors in my transcription work in Part 531s. It certainly pays to have other sets of eyes review this work.

And now on to Item 3.

Enjoy,

Jim

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Part 533s – Smith Robertson Genealogy – Indenture Research – 1801 Benjamin D’harriette Smith – Charibee Islands & Irish Sterling

Morning,

Summer solstice has passed and now the days begin to get shorter. And we’re in those penultimate days of the just-waiting-for the thunder and lightning season to begin its fury in Central Florida. The days are hot… but at least I have the pool just outside my living room door and I get soaked hourly to keep a cool and calm brain and body.

So I continue on in the search for my ggg-grandfather James Smith; the search and research for his origins and genealogy. This morning’s Indenture does not have any immediate hints or clues that there is any possible association between Benjamin D’Harriette Smith and ggg-grandfather James. The dates included in the Indenture could approximate the time frame near and about ggg-grandfather James’ life and there may have been some association between him and Benjamin D’Harriette Smith. I only conclude because of the indication that the property that is discussed on Page 488 in this contract is bounded and bordered in the Town of Saint George by what is called “the Carpenter’s yard”.

This Indenture begins on Page 484 and continues through to Page 490 of the Grenada Registers of Records found in Item 2 of the microfilm FHL [1563378].

Here are the images of the Indenture.


And my transcription –

(484)
Examined
Entered 5th March 1801
This Indenture made the thirtieth day of December in the forty first year of the
reign of our Sovereign Lord George the third by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and
Ireland King defender of the faith and so forth and in the year of our Lord One thousand
eight hundred Between James Park of the Island of Trinidad merchant and
Benjamin

(485)

Benjamin D’harriette Smith of the Island of Grenada merchant of the one
part, and Alexander Cockburn of the Town of Saint George in the aforesaid Island of
Grenada Doctor of Physic of the other Part Whereas in and by a certain royal
Grant or letters patent under the great Seal of the said Island of Grenada bearing
date the thirty first day of August which was in the year of our Lord One Thousand
seven hundred and seventy five and in the fifteenth year of his present Majesty’s
reign by the humble petition of David Merril to his Excellency William Young the
then Commander in Chief of the Southern Charibbee Islands of Grenada the Grena
dines Saint Vincent and Tobago his Majesty did give and grant unto the said
David Merril his heirs and a∫signs all that water lot lying and being in the
upper Carenage in the Town of Saint George and Island of Grenada aforesaid contain
ning seven thousand nine hundred and thirty two square feet being ninety feet four
Inches in front next the lands of the said David Merril and running on the North
East Side seventy six feet ten Inches and ninety five feet five Inches on the South
West Side backwards into the sea of the figures and boundaries particularly described
in the Diagram of the said lot hereunto annexed with liberty to _____ out a Wharf
into the Carenage with the appurtenances whatsoever the same ^or any part of the same belonging and all things on the same built erected stan
ding growing or being To hold the same unto the said David Merril his heirs and
a∫signs in free and Common Socage to his and them only proper use and behoof for ever
and for no other use at the annual rent of one penny Sterling for every foot in front of
such town lot in Saint Georges aforesaid to commence on the thirty first day of August
which was in the year of our Lord One Thousand seven hundred and seventy seven which
would be within two years after the date of the said Grant and subject to the Conditions
thereinafter particularly mentioned as by the said recited Grant duly recorded in
the Clerk of the Patent’s Office in and for the said Island of Grenada and other the
Islands then thereto depending reference being thereunto had will more fully and at large
appear And whereas the said David Merril did some time after depart this life where
by the above recited lot granted into him as aforesaid descended to his Brother and heir
at law Melaliah Merril and whereas by Indentures of lease and release bearing date
respectively the sixteenth and seventeenth days of March which were in the year of our
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven and made between the said
Melaliah Merril of the one part and James Carson of the other Part the said Melaliah
Merril for the Considerations therein mentioned did grant release and confirm unto
the said James Carson his heirs and a∫signs all his right and title in and to one
equal moiety or half part of all the said lot and premises granted unto the said
David Merril his brother deceased in the said hereinbefore recited grant or letters
patent mentioned and described as by the said Indenture of release recorded in the
Register office of the said Island of Grenada reference being thereunto had well more
fully appear And whereas in and by a certain other royal Grant or letters
patent

(486)

Patent under the great Seal of the said Island of Grenada bearing date the twenti
eth day of November in the twenty eight year of the reign of his present majesty by the
humble Petition of John Hutchings and James Carson then of the Town of Saint George in
the said Island of Grenada to his honor Samuel Williams the then President of the Council
and Commander in Chief of the said Island of Grenada and its dependencies his Majesty did
give and grant unto the said John Hutchings and James Carson their heirs and a∫signs
all that Piece of land being of such dimensions butts and bounds as therein and hereinaf
ter mentioned that is to say beginning at the South angle by the lot of land in the po∫
se∫sion of the said John Hutchings and James Carson and containing along the same
North thirty two East one hundred and thirteen feet six Inches thence South fifty eight
East twenty feet into the harbor to intersect the boundary thereof thence South 24 45
West along the said Boundary one hundred and twenty feet thence North 48 30 West thir
ty four feet six Inches to the Place of beginning abutted and bounded North West by the
said lot of land in the po∫se∫sion of the said John Hutchings and James Carson North East
by the water lot adjoining lands of Samuel Hall South East by the boundary line of
the said harbor and South West by the water lot adjoining to lands in the po∫se∫sion of
Charles Morris and all the woods underwoods profits Commodities easements heredits and Ap
purtenances thereunto belonging and appertaining To hold the same unto the said John Hutch
ings and James Carson their heirs and a∫signs in free and Common Socage to their only
proper use and behoof for ever and for no other use at the yearly quit rent of one Penny
Sterling post in front of the lot thereby Granted to commence the twentieth day of Novem
ber one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine subject to the Terms and Conditions
thereinafter mentioned And whereas the said John Hutchings purchased the other unde
vided moiety of the Premises one moiety whereof was conveyed to the said James Carson by
the hereinbefore recited Indenture of lease and release whereby the said James Carson and
John Hutchings became tenants in Common of the Premises granted by the first recited Grant
all which said premises were adjoin and contiguous to each other they the said John
Hutchings and James Carson caused a division to be made of all the said Premises whereby
the parcel and allotment of the premises contained in the said recited grants made and
allotted to the said James Carson extended sixty two feet six Inches in front towards the
sea fifty three feet back seventy six feet ten Inches towards the North East and eighty three
feet nine Inches towards the south West as by a Survey and diagram thereof made and
signed by the said James Carson and John Hutchings well more fully and clearly appear
And whereas the said James Carson some time after the execution of the said recited
Indenture of lease and release departed this life And whereas in and by the last will
and Testament of the said James Carson deceased bearing date the twenty ninth day of
May which was in the year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred and eighty nine and
recorded in the proper Register Office and for the said Island of Grenada and its
dependencies the fourth day of July which was in the year of our Lord One thousand seven
hundred and ninety three the said James Carson amongst other devises and bequests
did

(487)

Did give and bequeath unto James Carson of Carmony, Belfast and Mary
Boyd his wife (his Father and mother) and to Elizabeth Carson his Sister German equally?
and the survivor or Survivors of them their heirs and a∫signs the whole remainder of
his Goods and Chattels, effects and Slaves, his lot of land in the Carenage with the houses
thereon erected and all other means and estates real and personal whatsoever belonging
unto him, or that may belong unto him at his death, as also all debts, dues and demands
then indebted or vesting to him or that may be owing to him at his death as by the said
recited will in the aforesaid Register’s Office recorded reference being thereunto have with
more full and at large appear And whereas the said Elizabeth Carson the Sister of
the said James Benson deceased has never since been heard of and the said Mary Car-
son the mother by the death of the said James Carson the Father became and was lawfully
intitled to one moiety of the said devised Premises by virtue of the above recited will of
the said James Carson her son deceased; And whereas in and by certain Indentures
of lease and release bearing date respectively the sixth and seventh day of October
which were in the year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred and ninety six, and
made or mentioned to be made between the said Mary Carson widow of the one Part
and the said James Park and Benjamin d’hariet Smith of the said Island of
Grenada merchants and partners in Trade under the firm of Park and Smith of the
other part It is witne∫sed that for the Consideration therein mentioned the said
Mary Carson did grant bargain sell remise release and confirm unto the said
Park and Smith all her right title and Interest in and to all the lot or parcel of
Ground before recited situate lying and being in that Part of the Town of Saint George
called the Carenage in the Island of Grenada aforesaid containing in front fifty
feet and extending backwards eighty feet or thereabouts more or le∫s bounded as before
mentioned together with her moiety or Proportion of all houses buildings and Improvements
thereon with their rights members and appurtenances and the reversion and reversions
remainder and remainders yearly and other rents I∫sues and Profits thereof and all the
estate right title Interest Claim and demand of her the said Mary Carson of in and to
the same or any Part thereof to hold the said premises thereby granted and released
unto the said Park and Smith their heirs and a∫signs for ever as Tenants in Common
and not as joint Tenants subject to the Payment of an annuity or yearly Sum of Seven
pound seven Shillings and sixpence Irish Sterling money by the said Park and
Smith during her natural life and to a moiety of such payments and Covenants as may
be required pursuant to the Tenor of the said Grants And whereas the said James
Park and Benjamin d’Harriette Smith are now in the actual po∫se∫sion of that moiety of
the premises mentioned in the hereinbefore first recited Grant and of that moiety of the
premises mentioned in the hereinbefore secondly recited Grant which were allotted to the said
James Carson upon the division hereinbefore mentioned being made and have agreed to sell
and

(488)

And convey the same unto the said Alexander Cockburn for the Consideration and in
Manner hereinafter mentioned; Now this Indenture witne∫seth that for and in Con-
sideration of the Sum of One Thousand Pounds lawful Current Money of the Island of Grenada
to them the said James Park and Benjamin d’Harriette Smith in hand well and truly paid
by the said Alexander Cockburn the receipt whereof the said James Park and Benjamin d’Har
riette Smith do hereby acknowledge and thereof and of every part thereof do and each of them
doth acquit release and discharge the said Alexander Cockburn his heirs executors administrators
and a∫signs for ever by these Presents They the said James Park Benjamin D’hariet
Smith have and each of them hath given granted bargained and sold aliened enfeoffed released
and confirmed and by thes Presents do and each of them doth give grant bargain sell
alien enfeoff release and confirm unto the said Alexander Cockburn his heirs and a∫signs
for ever all that the aforesaid lot piece or parcel of Ground situate lying and being in that
part of the town of Saint George aforesaid called the Carenage containing by admeasurement
five Thousand nine hundred and ninety four superficial Square feet and bounded on the
South East by the Carnage, on the north East by the Carpenter’s yard from only the Property
of Thomas Bennett deceased and afterwards of Samuel Hall deceased, on the North west by
the other lands on the po∫se∫sion of the said James Park and Benjamin D’Harriette Smith and
on the South West by lands late in the po∫se∫sion of John Hutchings deceased, and extending on
the South East sixty two feet six inches, on the North East ninety six feet six Inches, on the
North West one hundred and seven feet three Inches, with all and singular me∫suages dwel-
lin house Outhouses erections Buildings and Improvements thereon standing and made
with the rights members and appurtenances thereof and all ways Paths Pa∫sages waters
water courses xxxxxxxx easements Profits Commodities advantages emoluments and Heredi
taments whatsoever to the said lot Piece or parcel of land erections and buildings belonging or
in any wise appertaining or which now or heretofore have been accepted reputed taken known
used occupied or enjoyed to or with the same or as part of Parcel thereof or of any Part thereof
and the reversion and reversions remainder and remainders rents I∫sues and Profits of all and
singular the said Premises above mentioned and of every part thereof with the appurtenances
and also all the estate right Title Interest Claim and demand whatsoever of them the said
James Park and Benjamin D’harriette Smith of in and to the same every Part
and Parcel thereof with the appurtenances To have and To hold all and singular the said
lots Pieces or Parcels of land erections Buildings hereditaments and Premises above mentioned
and every Part and Parcel thereof with the appurtenances unto the said Alexander Cock-
burn his heirs and a∫signs forever to the use of the said Alexander Cockburn his heirs and
a∫signs for ever And the said James Park and Benjamin D’harriette Smith for themselves
their heirs executors and administrators do jointly and each of them for himself severally and
for his heirs executors and administrators doth covenant promise and agree to and with the
said Alexander Cockburn his heirs and a∫signs in manner and form following that is to
say that they the said James Park and Benjamin D’Harriette Smith or one of them their
Or

(489)

Or one of their heirs executors or administrators shall and will continue to pay or cause to be
paid the said annuity or yearly Sum of eleven Pounds seven Shillings and six pence Irish Ster
ling money to the said Mary Carson in and by the said recited Indenture of release required
during the term of her natural life And that he the said Alexander Cockburn his heirs
and a∫signs shall and may at all times for ever hereafter peaceably and quietly in his use?
have hold occupy po∫se∫s and enjoy all and singular the said Lot Piece or parcel of land erec
tions buildings hereditaments and Premises hereinbefore granted and enfeoffed or intended
so to be with the appurtenances without any let trouble hindrance molestation Interruption
or denial whatsoever of or from them the said James Park and Benjamin D’Harriette Smith
David Merril Melaliah Merril Mary Carson the mother Elizabeth Carson the Sister or any
of them their either or any their heirs or a∫signs or of or from the heirs or a∫signs of the said
James Carson the Son or James Carson the Father or of any other Person or persons whatsoever
having or lawfully claiming or to claim the hereby given and granted premises or any Part
thereof by from or under them or any of them and that freed and discharged or otherwise well
and sufficiently saved and kept harmle∫s and indemnified by the said James Park and Ben-
jamin d’Harriette Smith their heirs Executors and administrators of from and against all for
mer and other bargains sales Gifts leases releases Feoffments mortgages Jointures dowers
rights and titles of Dower uses wills Intails annuities writings Obligatory statutes recognizances
estates rights titles troubles and Incumbrances whatsoever had made committed done or suffered
or to be had made committed done or suffered or caused or to be caused to be had mad committed
done or suffered by the said James Park and Benjamin d’Harriette Smith the said David
Merril Melalial Merril James Carson the Son James Carson the Father Mary Carson Elizabeth
Carson or any of them their or any of their heirs or a∫signs or any other person or persons what
soever claiming or to claim by from or under them or any of them or by any other Person or Per
sons whomsoever except neverthele∫s the rent hereafter to accrue and in and by the said herein
before recited Grants reserved and payable our of the Premises hereby granted And further that
they the said James Park and Benjamin D’harriette Smith and the Survivor of them and his
and their heirs and all and every other Person or Persons having or claiming any estate right
title or Interest in the Premises hereinbefore granted and enfeoffed or any Part thereof by from or
under them the said James Park and Benjamin d’harriette Smith David Merril Melaliah Merril
James Carson the Son James Carson the Father Elizabeth Carson and Mary Carson or any of them
shall and will from time to time and at all Times hereafter upon the request that at the Costs
and Charges of the said Alexander Cockburn his heirs or a∫signs make do and execute or cause
and procure to be made done and executed all the every such lawful and reasonable act
and acts Thing and things Devise and Devises Conveyances and a∫surances in the law _____ _____
for the further better more perfect and absolute granting conveying and a∫suring of all and singular
the said premises above mentioned with the appurtenances unto the said Alexander Cockburn
his heirs and a∫signs for ever according to the true Intent and meaning of these Presents as by
the said Alexander Cockburn his heirs and a∫signs or his or their Counsel learned in the law
shall

(490)

Shall be reasonably advised or devised and required And the said Alexander Cockburn for
himself his heirs executors and admǒrs doth hereby covenant and agree to and with the said James
Park and Benjamin D’Harriette Smith jointly and each of them severally and to and with their and
each of their heirs that he the said Alexander Cockburn his heirs executors administrators and a∫signs
shall and will from time to time and at all Times hereafter pay and discharge as well one moi
ety of the rent to and by the said hereinbefore first recited Grant reserved and payable out
of the premises thereby granted ^and one moiety of the used? in and by the said premises? by _____ of _____ reserved and payable out of the premises thereby granted In Witne∫s whereof the said Benjamin D’harriette Smith hath
hereunto set his hand and Seal and also the hand and Seal of the said James Park by virtue
of a letter of attorney or deed Poll bearing date the eighth day of December in the year of our
Lord One Thousand eight hundred duly executed by the said James Park and fully authorizing
him so to do (as by the said letter of attorney or the record thereof remaining in the Register’s Office
of the said Island of Grenada reference being thereunto had will more fully and at large appear))
and the said Alexander Cockburn hath also set his hand and Seal the day and year first
above written
James (LS) Park
By his atty
B.D. Smith
B.D. (LS) Smith
Sealed and delivered in the presence of
Chas Miles
Jno. Thos. Proby Alex (LS) Cockburn
Received on the day and year first within written of and from the within named Alexan
der Cockburn the Sum of one thousand pounds Current money of Grenada being the amount of
the Consideration money within mentioned and agreed to be paid by him to us we say received
£1000.0.0 Curry
James Park by his Atty
B.D. Smith
Witne∫s Jno Thos. Proby
Be it remembered that on the day of the date of the within written deed full free and absolute
po∫se∫sion and livery of seizing was given and made by the within named Feoffers James Park
and Benjamin D’Harriette Smith to the within named Feoffers Alexander Cockburn of all and
singular the premises within mentioned To hold unto the said Alexander Cockburn his heirs
and a∫signs for ever according to the true Intent and meaning of the within deed by deliver of a
Clod of the earth of the within mentioned land in the Presence of M. Nowlan Daniel Lyson
Grenada
Acknowledged before me by Benjamin D’Harriette Smith as the attorney in the
name of and as and for the free and voluntary act and deed of James Park one of the parties to the
within Indenture of Feoffment and also by the said Benjamin d’harriette Smith the other party
to the said Indenture as and for his own free and voluntary act and deed this fifth day of March
One Thousand eight hundred and one.
JH Bromley Dept Register

On to the next one.

Enjoy,

Jim
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Part 532s – Smith Robertson Genealogy – Smith FTDNA Y-DNA 111 – DYS Values Returned

19 June 2011

Greetings,

The first set of the Smith DNA Y-Chromosome Segment (DYS) values have been returned. These are the results of the Smith Family Tree DNA Y-DNA 111 markers tests. I have included all results in the following listing. But in order to understand what you are looking at, I have found some definitions that may help.

Locus – A specific spot in the genome. A variable locus will have several possible alleles. (From Family Tree DNA)

DYS# – DNA Y-Chromosome Segment (DYS): A nomenclature system which assigns DYS numbers to numbers to newly discovered markers. They are the “names” of each marker. (From Family Tree DNA)

Alleles – One of the different forms of a gene that can exist at a single locus. Since mutations in the allele value occur very slowly with time, one should see the same allele value for a male and his great-grandfather for example. (From Family Tree DNA)


The theory and idea is that one should be able to compare one’s DYS values to other individuals to see how closely or distantly one may have shared a common ancestor. The more DYS markers’ alleles match between two individuals, with the same or variation of a similar surname, the greater the probability that the two individuals may share a common ancestor. (But of course, there could be a chance that the two individuals do NOT share a same surname due to some earlier incidence as adoption, name change, etc..)

The supposed example would be that as any immediate Smith male relative who shares the same common ancestor, great-great-great-grandfather James Smith, one would expect that anyone of them would have the similar allele results. And here are the 111 results.



Locus


1


2


3


4


5


6


7


8


9


10


11


12


DYS#


393


390


19


391


385a


385b


426


388


439


389-1


392


389-2


Alleles


12


24


14


11


11


15


12


12


12


13


13


29



Locus


13


14


15


16


17


18


19


20


21


22


23


24


25


DYS#


458


459a


459b


455


454


447


437


448


449


464a


464b


464c


464d


Alleles


17


9


9


11


11


24


16


19


30


14


15


17


17



Locus


26


27


28


29


30


31


32


33


34


35


36


37


DYS#


460


GATA H4


YCA IIa


YCA IIb


456


607


576


570


CDYa


CDYb


442


438


Alleles


11


11


19


23


15


17


18


18


37


43


13


12



Locus


38


39


40


41


42


43


44


45


46


47


DYS#


531


578


395S1a


395S1b


390


537


641


472


406S1


511


Alleles


11


9


15


16


8


11


10


8


10


11



Locus


48


49


50


51


52


53


54


55


56


57


58


59


60


DYS#


425


413a


413b


557


594


436


490


534


450


444


481


520


446


Alleles


12


23


23


16


10


12


12


14


8


12


22


20


13



Locus


61


62


63


64


65


66


67


DYS#


617


568


487


572


640


492


565


Alleles


12


11


13


12


11


12


12



Locus


68


69


70


71


72


73


74


75


DYS#


710


485


632


495


540


714


716


717


Alleles


34


16


9


16


12


25


26


19



Locus


76


77


78


79


80


82


83


84


85


DYS#


505


556


549


589


522


494


533


636


575


638


Alleles


12


11


12


12


10


9


12


12


10


11



Locus


86


87


88


89


90


91


92


93


DYS#


462


452


445


GATA A10


463


441


GGAAT 1B07


525


Alleles


11


30


12


13


23


14


10


10



Locus


94


95


96


97


98


99


100


101


102


DYS#


712


593


650


532


715


504


513


561


552


Alleles


21


15


19


12


24


19


12


15


24



Locus


103


104


105


106


107


108


109


110


111


DYS#


726


635


587


643


497


510


434


461


435


Alleles


12


23


18


10


14


18


9


11


11

To date I have received notification from Family Tree DNA that there is two matches, Denny and Thomas Seymour whose results may match 63 of my 67 Markers, with a Genetic Distance of 3. This is a fairly close match and does present a great probability of a possible common ancestor. Interpreting the results this may mean that in 20 generations or somewhere in the vicinity of 400 years, or approximately 1611 we could realize a common ancestor.

Now in our case we have a Smith matching against a Seymour… Not possible you say? Most definitely possible. Someone changed the surname. Denny has traced his paternal line to a Richard Seymour who was born approximately 27 January 1605 in Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire, England. Per the research, Richard Seymour’s father was Robert Seymer who was born in the same location at about 30 November 1573. Further study has revealed that the surname may have also been written as Seamer and Semer. So bottom line, someone could have changed the name to Smith.

A Genetic Distance, as defined by Family Tree DNA - Genetic Distance is the number of differences, or mutations, between two sets of results. A genetic distance of zero means there are no differences in the results being compared against one another, i.e., an exact match. This is the meaning when comparing Y-chromosome DNA or mitochondrial DNA. This is the computed total, from what I understand of the differences be the alleles from two different test participants. In other word if my Smith Locus 94 of DYS #712 scored "20" and the Seymour's Locus 94 of DYS #712 scored "30", the difference between 20 and 30 is equal to a Genetic Difference of 10.

In the current matching, the case with our Smith and the Seymour participants, the Genetic Distance can be written to say that based on the results there is a greater than 99.41% chance that there may be a common ancestor at about 20 generations or around the year 1611, give or take a few years.

The results of the Smith Y-DNA 111 Markers are in. We are now just waiting for the results to the Seymour Y-DNA 111 testing. With the increased information we will be able to see what the Genetic Distance will be calculated.

Enjoy,

Jim

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Gadget

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